I am complicit

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My academic societies support the March for Science. So do I.

I’m familiar with the arguments for and against the March, from major newspapers and social media. If you’re not familiar, don’t worry, I won’t rehash them for you.

I think it’s possible for some people to have an ethical position to oppose something, and for others to have an ethical position to support the same thing. Nobody’s got a monopoly on being right.

Ethics are complex. It’s possible for two people to have different and legitimate value systems, that can use the same set of facts and end up with different decisions that are not harmful to the other*. (Of course, sometimes things can be harmful, too.)

Please humor me, and let me talk about food for a while.

I think we all eat unethically.

No matter what we put in our mouths, we’re going to commit some kind of wrong. Eating consumes resources, the labor of people, and often the lives of other creatures. Our food choices involve a jazillion tradeoffs, with interactions among: carbon emissions, health, safe and fair working conditions, immigration policy, nitrogen deposition, community development, animal welfare, biodiversity, long-term food security, illegal pesticide use, trade deficits, and even human trafficking. These are very serious issues, that are also very complex.

It’s simpler to think about behavioral decisions involving food made by, say, squirrels. (Squirrels may or may not face as many ethical dilemmas as we do, though this is not well studied.) Regardless, when squirrels make decisions, they employ a “currency” that governs their decision. When you watch a squirrel collecting nuts, what currency do you think they are they trying to maximize? The number of nuts? The mass of nuts? The quality of nuts? The amount of energy gained (the energy in nuts minus the energy spent hunting for them)? There’s no shortage of folks who have worked on such questions. This sort of work has been the bread and butter of behavioral ecologists.

What’s the main goal of the squirrel, while looking for food? The way we talk about biology nowadays, they’re working to pass copies of their genes to the next generation of squirrels, and more food helps them do that. Maybe a squirrel is thinking about sex and babies all the time, I don’t know. But when they’re looking for food, they’ll have one or more currencies at work, that help them get to this goal.

When we’re making ethical decisions, we often have different currencies, just like squirrels. Okay, now I’m ready to talk about people again.

Like you and every other person, I’ve made ethical decisions about food that don’t stand up to any kind of scrutiny. I’ve been veg** since about 1990. This doesn’t often come up in conversation***, but I’ll volunteer this fact if it’s necessary for practical reasons (for restaurant-choosing, food-ordering, being hosted). Once in a while when I’m at the field station dining hall, as I’m eating the veg option, someone will be curious about my choice. They’ll apparently be compelled to understand my motivations. Is it for the environmental protection, for health, for the ethical treatment of animals?

If I mention that I’m concerned about environmental impacts, then it could be readily pointed out to me that some vegetarian foods are worse for the climate than some non-veg foods. (Broiler chickens, for example, allegedly are more C-efficient than cheese, for example). If I point out I’m concerned about animal welfare, then the treatment of dairy cattle may be brought under scrutiny, or it has been mentioned that by not purchasing ethically produced animal products, I’m not using my purchasing dollar to change the marketplace. And folks are quick to point out that a veg diet is by no means necessarily more healthful than an omnivorous diet.

I’m under no illusion that my food choices are any more ethical than anybody else’s choices. Some folks think carefully about where their food comes from, and some folks give it less thought. While I think it’s important that people think about their food critically**** — I know that informed people can make valid choices that are quite different from one another.

As far as I’m concerned, my diet is my choice. How I’ve arrived at this choice, frankly, isn’t anybody else’s business. I usually deflect the conversation, because, well, there are a lot more interesting things to talk about.

I don’t talk about this with other people, but there’s a lot I don’t understand about how some people eat. It seems everybody’s decisions (including my own) can be readily exposed as unethical or inconsistent with one’s values. For example, some folks think it’s wrong to eat a dog or a cat, but it’s okay to eat a cow or a pig. I don’t understand that one at all. One of the reasons I don’t eat meat is because of how most cows are treated in the US, but then again, I buy shoes that have leather coming from the same cows. I have a problem buying food that’s shipped from all over the world (for example, I don’t buy stone fruit grown in Chile during California winters), but on the other hand, I’m sure many of the foods I buy in the grocery store are sourced from a carbon-hideous supply chain.

I can go on about how my choices are unethical or logically inconsistent. And any one of us could do the same for one another. Yet, it doesn’t change what I’m eating. And it doesn’t change what grocery stores are stocking.

Sometimes, choices are more clear-cut than others, at least for me. For example, in the late 1960s, eating grapes in the US was essentially a matter of crossing a union picket line, and supporting horrific working conditions overseen by grape growers.

At the moment, wholesale land conversion in the tropics for the production of palm oil is an important issue for me. Then again, I see how not everybody has my experience, as avoiding products with palm oil would have disproportionate effects on people based on income and access to food. In some food deserts, people literally don’t have an alternative. (By the way, the greenwashing of palm oil here by Nutella is hilarious.) Also, keep in mind that the reason palm oil is in so many processed foods is that the FDA banned trans fats, which made palm oil the go-to choice for food engineers, who wanted to make products that can sit on a shelf for a long time. So we’re cutting down huge swaths of rainforest for palm oil to make the food supply safer. While I think we don’t need these items on our grocery shelves, that’s not a move that’ll take off as long as people are buying food at Costco.

We need a variety of approaches to reduce the production of palm oil. Most movements are benefited by zealots, so it would be helpful if there are some folks who are running a vocal boycott against companies that sell food with palm oil. That approach on its own won’t generate change on its own, but the awareness may provide impetus for listening to folks inside the room who are working to shift the market away from palm oil.

You can organize a massive boycott against palm oil, and be righteous. You can merely abstain from palm oil, and still be righteous. You can not do anything about it and still be righteous, because after all there are only so many hours in the day, and you can’t fight every battle in the world. On the other hand, if you are aware of the palm oil crisis, and you choose to not speak up at the moment someone in your midst is preaching how it’s great we’re using more palm oil, well, then, you’ve passed over a situation to speak up and potentially make a difference.

In the United States, it’s extraordinarily difficult to not be complicit in the destruction of rainforests for palm oil. If you eat seafood, it’s difficult to not be complicit in human trafficking. Nonetheless, these are social systems that we live with, which we are a part of, due to the fact of our existence.

Which brings me to the March for Science.

If you’re a scientist like myself, then you’re a part of science. Science has a majoritarian legacy of discrimination. We have inherited this inequitable system, and it’s up to us to fix it. Science has a diversity and inclusion problem that isn’t going away on its own over time — and any progress that we make comes from intentional effort, against a great amount of resistance from the people who benefit from the status quo. As we march, accounting for this legacy and plans for fixing things must be foundational.

Because the status quo is the status quo, that means some people among us are resistant to change. Some are just ambivalent, others are quietly hoping they’ll get to retain the historic advantages conferred by their identity, and others are nefariously against diversity and inclusion. Regardless, no matter what we do, these people will be among us. Because that’s our legacy. They’re in our midst. No matter what we do, if we have an inclusive March for Science, these folks will be marching. In fact, it seems they’re part of the organizing team for the March — at least it’s clear from the social media team of the main DC March.

The folks at the helm of the March apparently don’t know how to do diversity and inclusion work. They just don’t seem to get it. In this respect, The March for Science reflects our realities inside science and academia in general.

There is systemic inequity throughout our research institutions, student training practices, journal editorial boards, and of course among the people in our government who make policy decisions to fund our science.

Of course the March for Science doesn’t do diversity right! Science itself doesn’t do diversity right.

I want science to do diversity right. How do we do that? This is where, I think, good people can disagree.

Let me give you a couple more quotes that I think are relevant:

“Politics is the art of the possible, the attainable — the art of the next best” -Otto von Bismarck

“I’m trying to move an aircraft carrier here, I’m not just steering the speedboat.” -Barack Obama

In my opinion, I’m more capable of contributing to change by being alongside the people who disagree with me. The more folks who are marching for diversity and inclusion, stronger the message of diversity and inclusion. Moreover, because the March is an event that hopefully will congeal and motivate supporting organizations for further action, the tenor of the march will set future priorities. These changes are not going to happen overnight.

In other words — at the risk of being accused of cultural appropriation — I think it’s important to be in The Room Where It Happens. Institutions don’t evolve without compromise. In the case of the March, the folks doing the organizing weren’t on board with honestly working for diversity and inclusion — they’re not even prepared to compromise — and they alienated people who are not easy to alienate. It doesn’t look like there was a seat at the table in The Room. What do about this?

This hostility to diversity and inclusion among some of the organizers is also the way that science typically operates. Which leads me to another quote:

“If they don’t give you a seat at the table, bring a folding chair.” -Shirley Chisholm

Will there be racists at the march? Yes. Will there be people who are actively against equity? Yes. Will there be people who embody everything that is horrible? Yes. I hadn’t seen this, but on the March for Science facebook page, I heard some people say there were a lot of harmful things that were some racist, sexist, and transphobic. Are some of those folks marching? Yes. At the beginning, the communications from the organizers of the March were hostile to inclusion, and things haven’t improved enough.

Do I want to cede the March to people who aren’t working for progress? No. Do I think that by personally sitting out the march, that I personally will help things change in a positive direction? No. Do I think critiques of the march can help make change? Yes, I do. If I align myself with some of the marchers who are working for positive change, can I help change things in a positive direction? I hope so. Another quote from Chisholm might be relevant here.

What is the March, exactly? Is it a monolith? What and who exactly is The March? The organizers have made a hot mess of things. It’s been one screwup after another. Is it a single organization to be judged on the basis of its obtuse and counterproductive social media campaign? Or, it is a confederation of scientific societies and organizations, united together under common purpose? All of the societies that I’m involved with have endorsed this, I think, and the organization that I look to for leadership on diversity and inclusion is on board in a big way. While you can look at The March as an anti-diversity boondoggle, you also can look at it as flailing volunteer effort with the wrong staff, that’s undermining a valuable endeavor that is endorsed our own organizations. It might be fish-or-cut-bait time at the moment, but I don’t think it’s a good idea to go home without a fish. The only option is to trudge on, even though it might not seem like a good option. At least, that’s how I’m seeing things at the moment.

With respect to the March itself, other than participating in the March and advocating for inclusivity, I haven’t seen any other actionable ideas that won’t serve to perpetuate the unacceptable status quo.

Consider UC Berkeley and the other UC campuses. (I don’t have a particular beef with them, but they’ve been in the news a lot for this lately and serve as a useful example.) Like in all major US universities, there is an epidemic of sexual misconduct. In recent years, a series of events have made it clear that the people running the show have worked to actively hide the misdeeds of the perpetrators of sexual misconduct. News about some perpetrators has come out, but I don’t think anybody imagines that all sexual misconduct cases have seen light of day and that justice has been done. This is damaging the careers of many junior scientists, and it’s hard to disagree that this conduct by UC is reprehensible.

Yet, I have friends and colleagues who are continuing to serve on the faculty of UC Berkeley, and others who are enrolled students. Considering the egregious misconduct of UC Berkeley, should they encourage the state to remove funding for the institution, should they stop recruiting new students, should they quit? If we are invited to give seminars at UC campuses, should we say no because of the actions of the UC? Should we condemn the UC as a whole?

My goal here — on this site, and when I’m using social media — is to change minds. That’s the currency I’m using: is this going to contribute to changing minds in a positive direction? In this context, if I’m wondering whether or not I should support the March for Science, it’s a no-brainer: sitting it out won’t help me change any of the minds that need to be changed. If you’ve read other things on this site, I imagine you have a pretty good idea where my priorities lie. While the folks who have been organizing the march are somewhere between clueless and malevolent when it comes to inclusivity, this endeavor is much, much bigger than the people who have been running their social media team. When I look at the roster of folks they have lined up for the LA event, this looks encouraging. (Meanwhile, as of this writing on Sunday night, it doesn’t even look like the main DC march has announced their speakers, which is consistent with other evidence that their act isn’t as together as it needs to be.)

In addition to my prioritization of equity, if anybody’s curious about my personal motivation for this March — this thing that popped up in my facebook feed puts a pin in it rather nicely.

The web site for the March for Science identifies its first goal is to “Humanize science.” A-fricking-men. When smart folks out there think that the ability to do statistics makes us heartless, it’s clear we’ve got an obstacle-strewn path ahead. Now’s a time for scientists to show — to one another and to the world — that we give a damn about other people, including all people.

So if someone says that I’m complicit, because I’m supporting the march alongside racist people and sexist people, then yeah, I guess I have to own that, and say I’m complicit. Just like I’m complicit in the destruction of the rainforest for the palm-oil snack I had today. Complicit in the mistreatment of the cow who is part of my hiking boots. Complicit in the coverup of sexual assault in the UC system because I collaborate with UC faculty. You got me. Guilty as charged. I’m complicit.

You might catch me at the March for Science, in a folding chair, bearing a sign that says:

Everybody needs science

Science needs everybody

This I believe.


 

 

 

*(For the ecologists and evolutionary biologists, you might choose to humor this metaphor: In the moral landscape, there are many peaks and valleys, and when we’re dealing with an n-dimensional moral hyperspace then ultimately individuals will be selected for moral niches. Or something like that.)

**I don’t eat things from dead animals. I eat dairy and eggs, but don’t eat mammals, birds, arthropods, mollusks, animal broth, and so on. This is a classic definition of “vegetarian” but then again, lots of folks have their own idea about what the term means.

*** Though if you know someone who knew me in the early/mid ‘90s, they might tell you otherwise.

**** For you folks, this is an amazing book.

Recommended reads #101

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When you study arctic glaciers that are rapidly melting away, and your samples at the Ice Core Archive melt away because of a freezer malfunction at your university.

A Neural Networks Approach to Predicting How Things Might Have Turned Out Had I Mustered the Nerve to Ask Barry Cottonfield to the Junior Prom Back in 1997

File this under, “No shit, sherlock”: A study finds that women do more departmental service than men, and that this harms career progression. Continue reading

So, you want to start a science blog?

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I’ve been getting more requests for advice about setting up a blog — usually to elevate awareness about one or two particular issues. Now that I’m more than four years into this game, I’ll no longer call myself a neophyte. Regardless, I have no shortage of opinions, some of which might even be useful. Continue reading

Building a Network as an Introvert

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Hello. I’m Ian, a shy introvert. And those two things are distinct. Through a lot of trial and error, I’ve worked out a way to network and build social capital that works for me even though connecting to people is not exactly natural to me, as I know it isn’t for many academics.

Being an introvert in a world that seems to favor the expressive and extroverted can seem daunting and unwelcoming. A lot of the usual advice is to just act against type*. In other words, be extroverted for as long as you can sustain it, especially at conferences or other events where connecting with people is the goal.

Part of favoring of extroverts is that they announce themselves and seem like the movers, shakers, and doers in the world. In the United States at least, taking (overt) action is favored over introspection or making the decision to do nothing even though taking that decision may well be the right one depending on the situation. Continue reading

Taxonomist Appreciation Day is coming up

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pun by by @phishdoc, illlustration by @verdanteleanor.

It’s been hard to wait a whole year, I know! Taxonomist Appreciation Day is coming up, on 19 March!

I imagine museums, science departments, and libraries will have costume shows, trivia, art competitions, and potluck taxonomic salad festivals. Meanwhile, the talented scientific artists of BuzzHootRoar are running their annual taxonomy pun contest!

Here are their instructions: Continue reading

Recommended reads #98

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Five practical ways you can help a first generation student succeed. If you’ve ever thought positively about anything I’ve written or shared on this topic, I bet you’ll really appreciate this piece by Abigail Dan. I bow to its wisdom and excellence.

Obsessed with smartness, by James Lang. I love this almost as much as the preceding piece.

Advice for my conservative students

Why facts don’t change our minds, by the inestimable Elizabeth Kolbert. Continue reading

Knowing your animal and your question

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I’ve read a lot of research proposals and manuscripts. Some manuscripts were rejected, and some proposals didn’t fare so favorably in review. What have I learned from the ones on the lower end of the distribution?

Here’s an idea. It can’t explain everything, but it’s something to avoid. Continue reading

Recommended reads #97

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Alan Townsend wrote an op-ed that I think you really need to read: Science might save my daughter. Don’t kill it. (And in his blog, which I absolutely love and have linked to on previous occasions, he explains why he wrote the piece.)

Science censorship is a global issue – a short letter to Nature written by three Aussie ecologists.

Unlearning descriptive statistics. I thought this was really interesting. Continue reading

Should scientists write Wikipedia pages for their study species?

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I’ve been working on Penstemon digitalis for a long time now. I first met the plant as a starting PhD student looking for a new system to make my own. I wanted something local (to Ithaca, NY), a plant that was dependent on pollinators with pre-dispersal seed predators (those are insects that lay eggs in the fruit and the young larvae eat the seeds). I wanted to study conflicting selection on floral traits by mutualists and antagonists, not what my dissertation ended up being about but that is a story for another day. In my search for a species to work with, I also wanted something with larger seeds than Lobelia siphilitica that I had just spent my masters cursing over and to be taller than Collinsia parviflora that I broke my back over during my undergrad. Continue reading

Let’s talk about mental health in academia

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A few days ago Canada was abuzz with messages about mental health for Bell Let’s Talk day. The social media campaign resulted in Bell donating 6.5 million dollars to mental health initiatives in Canada, which is great. But I’m not sure that one day a year when everyone feels comfortable talking about mental health publicly actually helps reduce the stigma around mental health, one of the stated goals of the Let’s Talk campaign. Any other day of the year, it’s still pretty difficult to bring up mental health issues, so this post is partly an effort to continue the conversation. Continue reading